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Access control is the selective restriction of access to a place or other resource. The term access control refers to the practice of restricting entrance to a property, a building, or a room to authorized persons. Physical access control is a matter of who, where, and when. Electronic access control uses computers to solve the limitations of mechanical locks and keys. An access control point, which can be a door, turnstile, parking gate, elevator, or other physical barrier, where granting access can be electronically controlled. Access control decisions are made by comparing the credential to an access control list. This look-up can be done by a host or server, by an access control panel, or by a reader.
In computer security, general access control includes authorization, authentication, access approval, and audit. Electronic Access Control systems market is among the leading segments in the overall security market. Electronic Access Control system refers to a method of using electronic or electro-mechanical hardware to allow restricted access into premises. Rising terrorist attacks, vandalism, and violence in public places such as city centers and educational institutions are some of the factors leading to increasing demand for Electronic Access Control systems market.
The size of the Electronic Access Control Systems (EACS) Market is estimated to exceed $16 billion by 2017. The global market is dominated by North America, followed by the Asia-Pacific region and then Europe. An emerging trend with respect to the EACS market is the demand for integrated solutions that integrate immediate onsite response with electronic security and alarm systems. This growth is mainly attributed to heightened security concerns backed by government and regulatory mandates.
Worth US$200 million in 2014, the MEA access control market is estimated to grow 15 per cent annually up to 2018, when it will reach nearly US$500 million, according to consultancy firm Frost & Sullivan. The double-digit growth is fueled by increased infrastructure spending across the region. As more and more public infrastructure comes about across the Middle East and Africa, the need to have better and more complex access control and security systems will increase incrementally. Security is of utmost importance all over the globe, and the new security directives taken by most countries in the Middle East will definitely boost security sense at all levels of society.